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county class cruiser

[13] This apparent success enabled the Minister of Defence Duncan Sandys to gain the approval of the Cabinet Defence Committee for Seaslug production to be approved in 1958. Hulls 07 and 08 were approved in 1963 as a temporary stopgap, and the ninth and tenth hull… However, the hull had originally been carefully designed to reduce weight based on the initial arrangements. Voters chose Loudoun County’s seventh elected School Board in … Glamorgan and Antrim are the counties in Wales and Northern Ireland which contain the port cities and regional capitals of Cardiff and Belfast (by analogy to London, England). County class cruiser, possibly HMS SUSSEX or HMAS CANBERRA, anchored at Farm Cove (3363895817).jpg 700 × 529; 62 KB HMS Sussex (96).jpg 800 × 579; 114 KB HMS Sussex (Warships To-day, 1936).jpg 1,008 × 599; 71 KB Kent received an additional pair of 4-inch guns in 1934, and she, Berwick and Cornwall each received a pair of QF 0.5-inch Vickers machine guns added abreast the fore funnel. In 1955 the new First Sea Lord Louis Mountbatten specified the development of an April 1955, 4800 ton Fast fleet escort design (DNC 7/959) as a Seaslug carrying vessel with a Y stern positioned twin 3/70 AA mount replaced by Seaslug (DNC 7/1002) [7] instead of the then approved development of a large GW 58A 15,400 ton cruiser[8] which would have combined Seaslug with Type 984 3D radar and a conventional Tiger-class gun armament. The 610 Cruisers host a cruise-in every Saturday starting at 4 pm and running until 8 pm at the Burger King located at 269 Garrisonville Rd in Stafford VA. Also know as the former "Brusters Cruise-In", the cruise-in has DJ music, door prizes, family-oriented games and a variety of trophies each week. ", "Question to the Secretary of State for Defence about the approximate annual average refit cost per vessel for (a) a County-class destroyer and (b) a, "Question to the Secretary of State for Defence: Naval Vessels (Operating Costs)", Hansard HC Deb 16 December 1974 vol 883 c316W, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=County-class_destroyer&oldid=997808015, County-class destroyers of the Royal Navy, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Average annual maintenance cost per vessel for County-class destroyers. And I was wondering what everyone's thoughts on it. A detailed March 1957 study[10] opted for a medium tensile 505 ft (154 m) long hull and a fit of 18 Seaslug and 4 special (nuclear) Seaslug for extended range AA, anti-missile and anti-ship. The County-class was ordered in 1978 as part of the general rebuilding of the conventional Royal Navy. Seaslug was a first-generation surface-to-air missile intended to hit high-flying nuclear-armed bombers and shadowing surveillance aircraft like the Tupolev Tu-16 "Badger" and Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear", which could direct strikes against the British fleet from missile destroyers and cruise missile-armed submarines. Loudoun County Office of Elections 750 Miller Dr. However nuclear warhead for Mk 1 Seaslug (for the first group of ships) was dropped as it needed extra crew, space and security which were not available on the smaller hull; development of the nuclear warhead for Seaslug on the second group of ships was cancelled in June 1962,[26] to reduce the naval budget, and the RNs requirement below 334 tactical nuclear warheads. Churchill & Australia. During 1937, the 4-inch guns were replaced by twins, octuple 2-pounders were added around the after superstructure and the single guns forward were removed. $40.38 + $7.76 shipping . To remedy the loss of the bulge protection, there was a second skin of inner plating to provide the same effect. ADM 205/172 1958, (26) p. 211, ADM 167 152 1958 and First Lords Record (Public Record Office)- the final, construction order, ship cover and legend no longer exist, G. Freudenberg. The County-class design attempted to give maximum protection from nuclear fallout, with the operation rooms, where the ship was fought, located 5 decks below, deep in the ship, with a lift from the bridge,[36] which maintained some duplicated command systems. Thus, the traditional side-belt of armour was dispensed with, and the 1 inch (25 mm) side plating was sufficient to only give protection against shell splinters. Moving the fire-control equipment from the mast negated the need for a heavy tripod, and light pole masts sufficed for signalling yards and the spread of wireless antennae. The United States Navy adopted a design with triple-gun turrets, allowing the hull to be shortened thus saving weight that could be put into protection. Eight ships were built and entered service. Frank Cass. Cost of recently completed major refits for County-class destroyers. [13] Many Royal Australian Navy officers felt Seaslug was unsuitable for the RAN.[17]. Had the missile hit a few inches higher, the above waterline magazine would have blown in an explosive fireball and many more of the crew[49] might have been lost. Three of the ships' names have been subsequently re-used: HMS London was a Type 22 frigate. This allowed four quadruple 2-pounder mounts and their directors and four single 40 mm Bofors guns to be added. The second group, the four ships of the London-class (HMS Devonshire, London, Shropshire and Sussex), closely followed the design of the Kents. The electronics required for the Seaslug were the large Type 901 fire-control radar and the Type 965 air-search radar. County Class Cruiser. Profile and plan of HMS London. It was hoped RN carriers with Type 984 would provide primary air target for the destroyers through a datalink. The Last Cruiser". The final four County-class ships, with hull numbers 07 to 10, were delayed in 1960 while an anti-submarine escort carrier was considered. (London) p124, 130, E. Grove. The Chilean navy, however, did convert two of the four ships they purchased along these lines. The Washington Conference on naval arms limitation had enabled the war-weary victors of World War I to avoid a costly arms race in “capital ships” (battleships and battlecruisers.) Two different reasons have been put forward for the Australian decision: according to an Australian history, British authorities would not allow a steam-propelled variant of the county,[40] whereas, according to a British account, the re-design required to accommodate the Tartar missile would have taken longer than the RAN was prepared to accept.[41]. The operations room, sited the main radar, sonar, electronic warfare screens and communication data and computer links. Her anti-aircraft armaments were improved as for her sisters, but the multiple 2 pounders and their directors were carried aft, by the lattice structure. These required a great deal of weight to be carried high up on the ship, further affecting ship layout. However it was determined that beam-restrictions would still limit the Counties' helicopter operation in RN service to the obsolescent Wessex, as they were too narrow to handle the far more capable British-built Sea King HAS. [38] The compromises required by the heavy and dated Seaslug system detracted from the success and popularity of an otherwise advanced ship design. The guns, BL 8 inch Mark VIII (203 mm, L/50), were equally disposed in superfiring twin-turrets fore and aft. excluding cost of certain items (e.g. This determined the need for a long hull and the use of four twin-gun turrets, with any remaining displacement invested in protection. The single 2-pounder guns were removed, and two quadruple mounts for 0.5 inch Vickers machine guns were added. The York class was the second and final class of 8-inch (203 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty.They were essentially a reduced version of the preceding County class, scaled down to enable more cruisers to be built from the limited defence budgets of the late 1920s. [citation needed]. Lenton expresses doubts whether the Admiralty ever informed the Government of these excesses, as with war imminent, "there were more pressing demands on their time". School Board members are elected every four years in the November general election with one member elected for each of the eight electoral districts and one member elected at-large. Certain elements not to scale. [4] They were later converted back to standard Mark XVI mounts. The ships were also referred to as County-class cruisers as they carried the names of British counties. The limitations of the beam riding guidance method and lack of a homing head, meant the Mk 1 and 2 Seaslug were intended to have nuclear variants - the much larger blast compensating for lack of accuracy. The County-class saw much service during the Second World War. Hulls 07 and 08 were approved in 1963 as a temporary stopgap,[6] and the ninth and tenth hulls were cancelled. Below is a listing of every county … This approach however was at the expense of requiring increased installed power, as the speed of a ship is a function of the ratio of length to beam. (The last of that class, HMS Cumberland, had survived until 1959 as a trials ship). HMS Kent Oriel 1:200 166 + Actions Stash. The extra ship that this afforded was an attractive proposition for a navy that had the immense peacetime commitments of empire. TOMS MODEL 1/700 HMS King George V &Prince of Wales Battleship Detail Set TMW734. The County-class guided missile cruisers are a class of warship that entered service in the early 1990s. The collapse of the 1956 Suez operation and the huge impact of the British hydrogen bomb tests in 1954-57[29][30] led to the 1957 review of Britain's defences, reliance on nuclear deterrence by strategic aircraft, missiles and missile submarines and doubt that a nuclear war would last long enough to require trans-Atlantic convoys. It was suggested by Vosper Thornycroft that the Counties could have been developed for the anti-submarine role by replacing the Seaslug system with a larger hangar and flight deck and the possibility of removing Seaslug and rebuilding the missile tunnel as storage for extra Westland Lynx helicopters. Such ships, with a limit of 10,000 tons standard displacement and 8-inch calibre main guns may be referred to as "treaty cruisers" (the term "heavy cruiser" was not defined until the London Naval Treaty of 1930[1]). British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles needing clarification from February 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 0.5-inch (12.7 mm L/50) Mk.III machine guns, 0.5-inch (12.7 mm) L/50 Mk.III machine guns, File:HMS Cumberland profile post 1943.JPG, NavWeaps.com, British 8"/50 (20.3 cm) Mark VIII, List of cruiser classes of the Royal Navy, List of major warship classes of the Royal Australian Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/County-class_cruiser?oldid=4402117, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph), 685 standard, 710 as flagship, 784 during wartime, 4.5-inch (110 mm) with 1-inch (25 mm) closing bulkheads (, 1-inch (25 mm) faces, sides, rears, crowns & barbettes, 8 x 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes in quad mounts, 3.5-inch (89 mm) with 1-inch (25 mm) closing bulkheads (. In San Carlos Water, Antrim was hit by a 1,000 lb (450 kg) bomb which failed to explode. The success included hits in the lethal zone of two piston-engine Fairey Firefly radio-controlled drones, at 16 km (9.9 mi) undemanding targets with a speed of only 315/375 mph. They were the only 10,000-ton 8-inch gun, or "A", cruisers that the Royal Navy built. Although superior the Type 984 3D radar was rejected as it was even heavier and excluded a twin turret 4.5-inch armament forward which was needed for gunfire support or action against surface vessels. Her upperworks were removed and replaced by new fore and aft superstructures and two upright funnels modelled on the contemporary Crown Colony-class cruisers. Like Suffolk, she was cut down aft when originally rebuilt to reduce displacement. Their wings and fins would be reattached before being moved into the aft sections of the handling spaces and eventually loaded onto the large twin launcher for firing. This was important as the Type 984 3D processing system on the carriers Victorious, Hermes and Eagle were removed from 1967 to 1972, affecting the first four County class ships which dependended on datalinks to the carrier systems for primary radar and targeting processing of Seaslug. She carries a total of six multiple 2 pounder mountings, each with an associated radar-equipped director unit. By 1939, the torpedo tubes had been removed in all four ships. The County class was a class of British guided missile destroyers, the first such warships built by the Royal Navy. Future Options. This means that the Anger Management Class cannot be taken with an online provider. Built at Palmers Shipbuilding & Iron Company, Jarrow, HMS York was laid don on 16 May 1927, launched 17 Feb 1928 and completed on 6 June 1930; She became flagship of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron until 1934 under captain Richard Bevan and the 8th Cruiser Squadron, North America and West Indies Station. Devonshire, Hampshire and Antrim had been the names of Devonshire-class armoured cruisers of the First World War. The second four Countys had improved air warning and target indicator radar ("double bedstead" 965M and a revised 992 for closer range tracking rather than only surface warning). Secondary armament consisted of four QF 4-inch Mark V (102 mm, L/45) guns in single mounts HA Mk.III fed from the amidships magazine. [citation needed] The improved Mk2 version had 10,000 ft (3000m) greater altitude and speed. Each missile was 6 m (19 ft 8 in) long and weighed two tons; its handling arrangements and electronics systems were also large; so even fitting a single system aboard a ship the size of the Counties was a challenge. Glamorgan, after many days on the "gun line" bombarding Port Stanley airfield, was hit by an Exocet launched from land at the end of the conflict. The thirteen County class ships were built in three distinct sub-classes: the Kent, London and Norfolk classes. And corresponding doubt whether major conventional war was still possible on the basis of the last 1954-5 HC speeches of Churchill[31][30] and Eisenhower, justified large cutbacks of British and American large ship, destroyer and carrier programme[32] and the future role and relevance of the Royal Navy was "unclear"[33] moving the RN to more limited, East of Suez task forces, with gun and Seaslug- and Seacat-armed destroyers escorting medium British aircraft carriers with only a limited nuclear strike capacity against ships and cities equipped with Blackburn Buccaneer S.1 (and then the improved S.2) strike aircraft mainly aimed to deter regional powers such as Indonesia[34] Early versions of the equivalent US missile system RIM-2 Terrier, like Seaslug, relied on beam riding and needed a nuclear warhead variant to compensate for inaccuracy at low level and range. Cumberland and Suffolk had the aft superstructure razed and replaced by a large hangar for two aircraft and a fixed athwartships catapult. Mountbatten staged an impressive demonstration shoot for flag officers and politicians: the Seaslug test ship HMS Girdle Ness launched ten successive Seaslugs, including a salvo of two Seaslugs together. $12.50 In 1935 she sailed to the Mediterranean, patrolling during the second Italo-Abyssinian War, and in 1939 she was back on the American station. Its missile capability had been overtaken by aircraft development by 1962–63, when HMS Devonshire and Hampshire entered service, but in the early and mid-1960s the modern lines of these guided-missile destroyers, with their traditional RN cruiser style and their impressive-looking missiles, enabled the overstretched Royal Navy to project sufficient power to close down the threat of a militant, left-leaning Indonesia to Malaysia and Borneo during the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation.[23]. 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Ton limit and 8 inch Mark XVI, p. 198 by TNA: PRO a design. A specific request, message me and I was wondering what everyone 's thoughts on it used for RN 23... Referred to as County-class cruisers as they carried the names of British.! Forthcoming London Naval Conference improved Mk2 version had 10,000 ft ( 3000m greater! Up on the contemporary Crown Colony-class cruisers in single mountings abreast the funnels Bofors! County … the County class heavy cruisers built for the Seaslug were the first and Second World Wars and quadruple... A modified version of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 Town class court or rules of a particular or!, keep an eye out for more to come there are questions as to whether it was RN... ( a modified version of the conventional Royal Navy built Navy careers, serving average! ( though immobile ) accommodation and training ship in Portsmouth harbour until 1996 of twin QF 4.5-inch gun.! 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